Data structures creation

    Contents
    1. 1. Overview
    2. 2. EiffelStore generation system
      1. 2.1. Capabilities
        1. 2.1.1. Database table classes
        2. 2.1.2. Database content classes
      2. 2.2. General mapping system
      3. 2.3. Tags description
        1. 2.3.1. Database table tags description
          1. 2.3.1.1. Table meta-data tags
          2. 2.3.1.2. Attribute meta-data tags
          3. 2.3.1.3. Enclosing tags
        2. 2.3.2. Database content tags description
          1. 2.3.2.1. System meta-data tags
          2. 2.3.2.2. Table meta-data tags
          3. 2.3.2.3. Enclosing tags
      4. 2.4. Implementation overview
    3. 3.EiffelStore wizard
      1. 3.1. Table classes
      2. 3.2. Description classes
      3. 2.3.3. Access class

1. Overview

EiffelStore enables to create data structures mapped to your own database. This part describes how the EiffelStore wizard generates these structures mapped to your database and how you can map your own classes to your database with EiffelStore.

Tip: We recommend that you read what are and how to use these data structures before reading this section.

The EiffelStore wizard generates the database-specific classes from an EiffelStore generation system based on template files containing tags.

Let us see first how the EiffelStore generation system works . Let us see then how the EiffelStore wizard uses this system for the data structures generation.

2. EiffelStore generation system

This part describes the class creation in 4 steps:

2.1. Capabilities

Let us see first what information you can map into your classes. 2 kinds of classes can be generated:

  • Classes that represents a database table.
  • Classes that represents the whole database.

2.1.1. Database table classes

You can insert information about a database table:

  • The table name
  • The number of attributes of table

You can also select a piece of code, map it to a table attribute and repeat the operation for every attribute. Information that can be inserted is:

  • The attribute names
  • The attribute types
  • The attribute default creation values
  • The attribute positions in the table

Thus you can get for instance class attributes that correspond to database attributes:

class CONTACTS feature id: INTEGER lastname: STRING firstname: STRING

You can also modify the piece of code to map for the first and last attributes, for cosmetics reasons. You can also choose to only map a piece of code to attributes of a given type.

2.1.2. Database content classes

Database content classes can basically store the list of your database tables.

You can select a piece of code and map it to database table information:

  • Database table name.
  • Database table position in the database.

The mapped pieces of code are then concatenated in your file.

2.2. General mapping system

EiffelStore follows this sequence of steps to generate a class:

  1. You provide meta-data about the table or view
  2. You provide the template
  3. It parses the template to find the tags
  4. It replaces each tag by the meta-data value corresponding to the tag

Let us take an example:

template file extract corresponding result file extract
attribute_count: <ACNT> attribute_count: 5

This works for meta-data on the class or view. For meta-data on class (or view) attributes, a second tag type enables to specify text areas that are mapped to specific table (or view) attributes.

Let us take an example:

template file extract corresponding result file extract
<A:A:A><AN:L>: <TN:U>
</A>
companyid: DOUBLE
companyname: STRING

Text contained in the tag 'A' is mapped to each table (or view) attribute and the resulting texts are concatenated. Let us see now the details about each tag.

2.3. Tags description

2.3.1. Database table tags description

The available tags for database table classes generation can be separated into 3 types:

2.3.1.1. Table meta-data tags

Tag name Tag description Options
Option name Option description
<CN:?> Table name U in uppercase
I with initial capital
L in lowercase
<ACNT> Attribute count N/A

2.3.1.2. Attribute meta-data tags

Tag name Tag description Options
Option name Option description
<AN:?> Attribute name U in uppercase
I with initial capital
L in lowercase
<IT> Attribute position in the table N/A
<TN:?> Attribute type name U in uppercase
I with initial capital
L in lowercase
<TDV> Attribute type default value N/A

Note: Attribute tags are only valid within an enclosing tag.

2.3.1.3. Enclosing tags

The tag <A:?:?> </A> encloses text that will be mapped to attributes matching criteria. These criteria are specified by the tag options:

  • First option: attribute type criterion

Option name Option description
A All attributes
I INTEGER attributes
S STRING attributes
D DATE attributes
B BOOLEAN attributes
C CHARACTER attributes
F DOUBLE attributes

  • Second option: attribute position criterion

Option name Option description
A All attributes
F First attribute
I Intermediate attributes
L Last attribute

  • Note: this option is generally used to have a valid and nice layout or indentation.

Note: several options can be selected for one criterion.

2.3.2. Database content tags description

The tags described above can be reused for database content:database content class mapping is equivalent to the previous mapping but within a different scope:

  • class corresponds to the database rather than tables
  • class content deals with tables rather than table attributes

The meaning of available tags is so modified:

Note: every tag is not available for this mapping.

2.3.2.1. System meta-data tags

Tag name Tag description
<ACNT> Table count

2.3.2.2. Table meta-data tags

Tag name Tag description Options
Option name Option description
<CN:?> Table name U in uppercase
I with initial capital
L in lowercase
<IT> Table position in the database N/A

2.3.2.3. Enclosing tags

The tag <A:A:?> </A> encloses text that will be mapped to tables matching a position criterion. This criterion is specified by the tag options:

Option name Option description
A All tables
F First table
I Intermediate tables
L Last table

2.4. Implementation overview

The data structure generation system is implemented with 4 EiffelStore classes:

  • DB_CLASS_GENERATOR abstractly generates a class mapped to database meta-data.
  • DB_TABLE_CLASS_GENERATOR generates a class mapped to a database table.
  • DB_ACCESS_CLASS_GENERATOR generates a class mapped to the database.
  • DB_TEMPLATE_TAGS defines available tags for mapping and their meaning.

Generation classes BON diagram

3.EiffelStore wizard

The EiffelStore wizard uses the EiffelStore generation system described above to generate the data structures mapped to your database.

The wizard generates 3 types of classes:

The wizard uses one different template for each class.

3.1. Table classes

For each selected database table, a class is created from the same template, mapping the database table. This template is: indexing description: "Class which allows EiffelStore to retrieve/store% %the content of a table row from database table <CN:U>" author: "EiffelStore Wizard" date: "$Date: 2004-12-09 23:29:16 +0100 (Thu, 09 Dec 2004) $" revision: "$Revision: 46989 $" class <CN:U> inherit DB_TABLE -- redefine -- out -- end undefine Tables, is_valid_code end DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS_USE create make feature -- Access <A:A:A> <AN:L>: <TN:U> </A> table_description: DB_TABLE_DESCRIPTION is -- Description associated to the <CN:L>. do tables.<CN:L>_description.set_<CN:L> (Current) Result := tables.<CN:L>_description end feature -- Initialization set_default is do <A:A:A> <AN:L> := <TDV> </A> end feature -- Basic operations <A:A:A> set_<AN:L> (a_<AN:L>: <TN:U>) is do <AN:L> := a_<AN:L> end </A>feature -- Output out: STRING is -- Printable representation of current object. do Result := "" <A:A:A> if <AN:L> /= Void then Result.append ("<AN:I>: " + <AN:L>.out + "%N") end </A> end end -- class CODES

Note: the template content can be adjusted, for instance to add comments or change the indexing. However, the fundamental template structure should not be changed to use data structures as described in the corresponding section .

3.2. Description classes

For each selected database table, a class is also created from a unique template, mapping the database table. This template is: indexing description: "Description of class <CN:U>" author: "EiffelStore Wizard" date: "$Date: 2004-12-09 23:29:16 +0100 (Thu, 09 Dec 2004) $" revision: "$Revision: 46989 $" class <CN:U>_DESCRIPTION inherit DB_TABLE_DESCRIPTION -- rename -- Tables as Abstract_tables undefine Tables, is_valid_code end DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS_USE create {DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS} make feature -- Access Table_name: STRING is "<CN:U>" Table_code: INTEGER is <CI> Attribute_number: INTEGER is <ACNT> -- Number of attributes in the table. Id_code: INTEGER is -- Table ID attribute code. do Result := <IC> end <A:A:A> <AN:I>: INTEGER is <IT> </A> attribute_code_list: ARRAYED_LIST [INTEGER] is -- Feature code list once create Result.make (Attribute_number) <A:A:A> Result.extend (<AN:I>) </A> end description_list: ARRAYED_LIST [STRING] is -- Feature name list. Can be interpreted as a list -- or a hash-table. once create Result.make (Attribute_number) <A:A:A> Result.extend ("<AN:I>") </A> end type_list: ARRAYED_LIST [INTEGER] is -- Feature type list. Can be interpreted as a list -- or a hash-table. once create Result.make (Attribute_number) <A:A:A> Result.extend (<TN:I>_type) </A> end to_delete_fkey_from_table: HASH_TABLE [INTEGER, INTEGER] is -- List of tables depending on this one and their -- foreign key for this table. -- Deletion on this table may imply deletions on -- depending tables. once <DH> end to_create_fkey_from_table: HASH_TABLE [INTEGER, INTEGER] is -- List of associated necessary tables and the -- linking foreign keys. -- Creation on this table may imply creations on -- associated necessary tables. once <CH> end attribute (i: INTEGER): ANY is -- Get feature value of feature whose code is 'i'. do inspect i <A:A:A> when <AN:I> then Result := <CN:L>.<AN:L> </A> end end set_attribute (i: INTEGER; value: ANY) is -- Set feature value of feature whose code is `i' to `value'. -- `value' must be of type STRING, INTEGER, BOOLEAN, CHARACTER, -- DOUBLE or DATE_TIME. References are made automatically from -- expanded types. local integer_value: INTEGER_REF double_value: DOUBLE_REF boolean_value: BOOLEAN_REF character_value: CHARACTER_REF date_time_value: DATE_TIME string_value: STRING do inspect i <A:S:A> when <AN:I> then string_value ?= value <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (string_value) </A><A:F:A> when <AN:I> then double_value ?= value if double_value /= Void then <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (double_value.item) else <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (0.0) end </A><A:I:A> when <AN:I> then integer_value ?= value if integer_value /= Void then <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (integer_value.item) else <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (0) end </A><A:D:A> when <AN:I> then date_time_value ?= value <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (date_time_value) </A><A:C:A> when <AN:I> then character_value ?= value if character_value /= Void then <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (character_value.item) else <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> ('%U') end </A><A:B:A> when <AN:I> then boolean_value ?= value if boolean_value /= Void then <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (boolean_value.item) else <CN:L>.set_<AN:L> (False) end </A> end end feature {<CN:U>} -- Basic operations set_<CN:L> (a_<CN:L>: <CN:U>) is -- Associate the description to a piece of <CN:L>. require not_void: a_<CN:L> /= Void do <CN:L> := a_<CN:L> ensure <CN:L> = a_<CN:L> end feature {NONE} -- Implementation <CN:L>: <CN:U> -- Piece of <CN:L> associated with the description end -- class CODES_DESCRIPTION

Note: As for the table class generation, the template content can be adjusted, for instance to add comments or change the indexing. However, the fundamental template structure should not be changed.

Some additional tags are directly replaced by the wizard:

  • The <CR> and <DR> tags are replaced with information on associated tables.
  • The <IC> tag is replaced by information on the primary key (table ID).
  • The <CI> tag is replaced by the table position in the database.

2.3.3. Access class

The DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS class is mapped to the database from the following template: indexing description: "Description of database tables.% %Use this class through DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS_USE." author: "EiffelStore Wizard" date: "$Date: 2004-12-09 23:29:16 +0100 (Thu, 09 Dec 2004) $" revision: "$Revision: 46989 $" class DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS inherit DB_TABLES_ACCESS creation make feature -- Access <A:A:A> <CN:I>: INTEGER is <IT> </A> Table_number: INTEGER is <ACNT> code_list: ARRAYED_LIST [INTEGER] is -- Table code list. once create Result.make (Table_number) <A:A:A> Result.extend (<CN:I>) </A> end name_list: ARRAYED_LIST [STRING] is -- Table name list. Can be interpreted as a list -- or a hash-table. once create Result.make (Table_number) <A:A:A> Result.extend ("<CN:I>") </A> end obj (i: INTEGER): DB_TABLE is -- Return instance of table with code `i'. do inspect i <A:A:A> when <CN:I> then create {<CN:U>} Result.make </A> end end description (i: INTEGER): DB_TABLE_DESCRIPTION is -- Return description of table with code `i'. do inspect i <A:A:A> when <CN:I> then Result := <CN:L>_description </A> end end <A:A:A> <CN:L>_description: <CN:U>_DESCRIPTION is -- Unique description of table `<CN:U>'. once create Result.make end </A> end -- class DB_SPECIFIC_TABLES_ACCESS

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