The kernel cluster contains classes that provide functionality common to most Windowed application. These classes are considered the core of any EiffelVision 2 application. The most important of these classes is EV_APPLICATION. This class is used to initialize the graphical toolkit and event loop of your EiffelVision 2 application. Kernel also includes classes such as EV_TIMEOUT that calls procedures (via agents) at specified intervals, and EV_COLOR which is used for coloring widgets and items. To start programming with EiffelVision 2, you first have to correctly initialize EV_APPLICATION.

Launching Your Application with EV_APPLICATION — The Heart of All EiffelVision 2 Systems

EV_APPLICATION is the basis for every EiffelVision 2 application and is considered the most important class in the library. It is responsible for initializing the underlying toolkit that is driving the windowing system on the platform that you compile your system on. It is also where the main event loop that drives your application is executed.

Note: It is an error to attempt to create any EiffelVision 2 components before the application object has been created (see the Flat Contracts view of EV_ENVIRONMENT).

You may inherit EV_APPLICATION or use it as a client in order to create your EiffelVision 2 application. A simple method of using EV_APPLICATION is as follows:

  1. Create an instance of EV_APPLICATION.
  2. Create one or more windows for your application.
  3. Launch the application.

An example of an EiffelVision 2 application using inheritance from EV_APPLICATION is shown below.

class HELLOWORLD_APP inherit EV_APPLICATION create make feature make -- Create the application. local helloworld_window: EV_TITLED_WINDOW do default_create create helloworld_window helloworld_window.set_title ("Helloworld!") helloworld_window.close_request_actions.extend (agent destroy) launch end end

The following EiffelVision 2 application functions identically, but instead of inheriting from EV_APPLICATION, it is used in a client/supplier relationship.

class HELLOWORLD_APP create make feature make -- Create the EiffelVision 2 application with a helloworld window. local app: EV_APPLICATION helloworld_window: EV_TITLED_WINDOW do create app create helloworld_window helloworld_window.set_title ("Helloworld!") helloworld_window.close_request_actions.extend (agent app.destroy) app.launch end end

What Does Launch Actually Do?

In EiffelVision 2, to launch an application means to pass control to the underlying graphical toolkit. Simply creating an application does not launch it. An explicit call to launch is required for the event processing to begin.

Note: An EiffelVision 2 system is event based. This means that the way you control the execution within an EiffelVision 2 system is by responding appropriately to events as they occur. Therefore, if you call launch on an EV_APPLICATION, the processing for the application will continue indefinitely unless you have provided a way to exit the application. It is essential to initialize your components correctly, so your application can be exited (i.e. call destroy on the application object).

Building Your Application Skeleton

Now that you have a basic application skeleton set up, you can now:

Once you have learned the basics of GUI programming within EiffelVision 2, you will be well on your way to creating powerful multi-platform applications. The Application Programming Interface (API) of EiffelVision 2 has been designed in a way to ensure that the library is as intuitive, consistent and stylistic as possible. Heavy reuse of components from the EiffelBase library is one of the main ingredients that makes this possible.

cached: 07/25/2024 11:25:39.000 AM